Usage[ edit ] The term rentier state has been used since the 20th century.
Additional Information Abstract Levels of subnational democracy vary significantly within countries around the world. Drawing on fiscal theories of the state, the author argues that this variance is often explained by a type of rentierism that is not geographically determined by natural resources but politically created by certain fiscal federalism arrangements.
He posits that less democratic regimes are more likely in rentier provinces—those that receive disproportionately large central government transfers and practically forgo local taxation. Intergovernmental revenue-sharing rules that produce large vertical fiscal imbalances and favor the economically smaller districts provide their incumbents with generous "fiscal federalism rents" that allow them to restrict democratic contestation and weaken checks and balances.
Statistical evidence from a panel data set of the Argentine provinces strongly confirms this expectation, even after controlling for standard alternative explanations such as level of development. Sensitivity analysis shows that this finding is extremely robust to alternative panel estimators.
Qualitative and quantitative evidence suggests that the effect of heavy public spending on the economic autonomy of political actors is the main causal mechanism at work.
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You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:Rentier states promote authoritarianism in their non‐rentier neighbors, especially if the former are numerically, economically, and politically dominant over the latter.
In other parts of the world, authoritarianism and democracy are also regional phenomena rather than isolated phenomena in separate countries. Resource rents, authoritarianism, and democracy In the contemporary era, oil is the paradigmatic example of a natural resource that produces “rents,” but other natural resources may do so as well – while some natural.
The paradox of a “Rentier State” Is the Middle East society compatible with the principles of democracy and how can democratic institutions take shape in the region? Many arguments or reasons have been stated for why democracy can’t take shape in the region ranging from “incompatibility of Islam to democracy” to “the tribal.
Authoritarianism and Democracy in Rentier States Bachar EL-Halabi International Political economy Dr. Khalil Gebara Friday December 21, Introduction We can never understand politics until we begin to understand the flow of political, economical and social events that occur on a daily basis in our country and the countries surrounding us.
Rentier state theory has been one of several advanced to explain the predominance of authoritarian regimes in the Middle East and the apparent lack of success of democracy in the region.
Matthew Ward Democracy and Authoritarianism in the Middle East 22 Dec Introduction Over the past few decades and especially at the turn of the century, there has been a.